Pluralismo ou privilégio Participação e mediação re-elitizadas

Pedro Pereira Neto, Claudia Lamy

Resumo


Demasiada produção de conhecimento científico apresenta a tecnologia como variável independente em processos de participação cívica de natureza política. Resulta de uma parte demasiado significativa das análises e propostas uma visão pragmaticamente próxima da visão da teoria das elites, ou seja, de que um grupo pequeno organizado (utilizadoras/es da web) comanda/transforma a sociedade a partir da sua posição de privilégio. Deste modo, o que começa como um projecto de pretensa repluralização do sistema político torna-se o reconhecimento da sua impracticabilidade. Baseado em dados resultantes dos projectos Sociedade em Rede de 2003 e 2013, pretende-se com este artigo demonstrar que a disponibilidade de espaços virtuais para a participação cívica política não se traduziu em maior igualdade nesta, não diminuindo limites e condições pré-existentes de participação nem superando em capacidade explicativa os factores que lhe subjazem. Como tal, uma das principais dimensões a equacionar neste âmbito é a prevalência da acção de elites, recorrendo a uma teoria democrática elitista competitiva, de potencial explicativo bastante superior.


Palavras-chave


democracia; participação política; redes sociais virtuais; media sociais

Texto Completo:

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Referências


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